International Journal of Applied Dental Sciences
2017, Vol. 3 Issue 2, Part C
Diabetes: A slow poison to periodontia
AUTHOR(S): Dr. R Madhumala and Dr. Sajini Raj C
ABSTRACT:Periodontitis is a common chronic inflammatory disease characterised by destruction of the supporting structures of the teeth, the periodontal ligament and alveolar bone. Epidemiological data confirm that diabetes is a major risk factor for periodontitis; susceptibility to periodontitis is increased by approximately threefold in people with diabetes. There is a clear relationship between degree of hyperglycaemia and severity of periodontitis. There is emerging evidence to support the existence of a two-way relationship between diabetes and periodontitis, with diabetes increasing the risk for periodontitis, and periodontal inflammation negatively affecting glycaemic control. Incidences of macro albuminuria and end-stage renal disease are increased two-fold and threefold, respectively, in diabetic individuals who also have severe periodontitis compared to diabetic individuals without severe periodontitis. Treatment of periodontitis is associated with HbA1c reductions of approximately 0.4%. Oral and periodontal health should be promoted as integral components of diabetes management.
Pages: 151-153 | 842 Views 14 Downloads
How to cite this article:
Dr. R Madhumala and Dr. Sajini Raj C. Diabetes: A slow poison to periodontia. International Journal of Applied Dental Sciences. 2017; 3(2): 151-153.