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International Journal of Applied Dental Sciences
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ISSN Print: 2394-7489, ISSN Online: 2394-7497
ICV 2018: 74.52

International Journal of Applied Dental Sciences

2018, Vol. 4 Issue 3, Part D

Clinical study: Effect of Southern Saudi high altitude on the effectiveness and duration time of local anesthesia in dental-KKU clinics patients

AUTHOR(S): Dr. Muhannad Abdulrhman Muhammed Halwani, Rakan Saed Safar Al Thobaiti and Abdallah Ali M Asker
ABSTRACT:Introduction: Some ten million of global population live at altitudes above 13,000 feet, majority in South America and one fifth of it in the Himalayas of Central Asia. Man ascends to high altitude in aviation, in mountaineering, and during conditions when troops are moved from plain land to high altitudes. Modern mode of transportation also allows an increasing number of tourists to travel rapidly from sea level to high altitudes1. It is now more important to understand the effects of high altitudes associated with other factors on the human physiology. Aim: The purpose of this clinical study was to study Effect of Southern Saudi High Altitude on the effectiveness and duration time of local anesthesia in Dental-KKU Clinics Patients. Material and Method: 290 male patients (12 to 78) who reside in Abha and visiting the Dental Clinic of King Khalid University for routine dental treatments were included in this study. Results: Study population included 290 males, who were willing to participate in clinical cross-sectional survey at the KKU dental clinics, Abha, one of the most populous states of KSA. The study included 290 male patients (12 to 78) who reside in Abha and visiting the Dental Clinic of King Khalid University for routine dental treatments were included in this study. After obtaining the patients consents to participate in the study, Various dental treatments were performed under local anesthesia. A total of 290 individuals were approached, out of which 290 agreed to participate in the study and aged between 12 and 78 years, the most common type of dental Procedure was Extraction "Surgical Procedure". 106 (37%) [Fig 1], followed by prosthodonic Procedure 96 (32.2%) [Fig 1], then Periodontic Procedure with 58 (20.3%), [Fig 1], and Endodontic Procedure 30 (10.5%), [Fig 1]..... Discussion: We have compared the results of our study with a study by Dr. Joseph A from Department of Anesthesiology of Dental, Center for Special Needs Patients, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Pittsburgh, published in 2013 in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA under the heading: Pharmacology of Local Anesthetics Used in Oral Surgery - "In conditions similar to the Abha heights," they found that the time period until the anasthatic agent began to work for both mepivacaine and lidocaine was 2-4 minutes (10)*.. Conclusion: At HA, although there is a reduction in ambient pressure and decrease oxygen tension but anaesthesia can be safely conducted keeping in mind that physiological changes that occur at high altitude and management at altitude requires some modification of sea level techniques not only because of hypoxia but also because of sub optimal equipment available at high altitude area.
Pages: 247-250  |  914 Views  24 Downloads
How to cite this article:
Dr. Muhannad Abdulrhman Muhammed Halwani, Rakan Saed Safar Al Thobaiti and Abdallah Ali M Asker. Clinical study: Effect of Southern Saudi high altitude on the effectiveness and duration time of local anesthesia in dental-KKU clinics patients. International Journal of Applied Dental Sciences. 2018; 4(3): 247-250.
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International Journal of Applied Dental Sciences