International Journal of Applied Dental Sciences
2018, Vol. 4 Issue 4, Part E
Oral submucous fibrosis: Clinical study
AUTHOR(S): Rathi Rela and Girish R Dongarwar
Oral submucous fibrosis (OSF) is a high risk precancerous condition characterized by changes in the connective tissue fibers of the lamina propria and deeper parts leading to stiffness of the mucosa and restricted mouth opening. Patients with severe cases have distinct difficulties in chewing, swallowing and speaking. It predominantly occurs in Indians and other population of the Indian subcontinent with certain oral habits. It is now accepted that chewing areca is the most important aetiological factor for developing OSF.
Results: As the frequency and duration of areca nut chewing habit increases, the clinical staging also increases. As the duration of smoking increases, clinical staging also increases. The burning sensation (82%) and decreased mouth opening (81%) were the most common symptoms while the most common signs were trismus, blanching of mucosa and palpable fibrotic bands, each occurring in 100% of the cases. (64%) Anaemia, 28% presented with oral squamous cell carcinoma. There is no definitive correlation found in between functional staging & clinical staging. The close association between betel nut and oral sub mucous fibrosis, oral cancer indicate need for a preventive approach through health education and increased awareness among the public of the serious consequences of these habits especially in illiterate, labourer, rural and lower socioeconomic status groups of patients.
Pages: 302-304 | 403 Views 15 Downloads
How to cite this article:
Rathi Rela and Girish R Dongarwar. Oral submucous fibrosis: Clinical study. International Journal of Applied Dental Sciences. 2018; 4(4): 302-304.