"International Journal of Applied Dental Sciences"

Vol-1, Issue-2

Analysis of characteristics of Mesiodens in Jodhpur population with associated complications and its Management- Clinico- radiographic study

Author: Priya Singhal, Ankita Bohra, Manoj Vengal, Neelkanth Patil, Sumit Bhateja


Aim and Objectives- The study was done to observe the prevalence of mesiodens and its associated complications and its management in Jodhpur population. It was based on both clinical & radiological evaluation. Prevalence of mesiodens was observed considering gender, shape, number, eruption status, orientation, & complications associated with them.
Material and Methods- A total of 6400 patients who visited OPD of private dental college of Jodhpur city (Rajasthan) for a period from April 2013 to March 21014 were included in the study for the prevalence of mesiodens. All the patients were thoroughly examined clinically Radio graphic examinations were carried out for all the patients with mesiodens. Photographs of all the cases were taken with their respective radiographs. Exclusion Criteria included Patients with cleft lip & palate, Patients with systemic diseases & syndromes and Patients below 14 yrs.
Results- 46 mesiodens were found in 36 patients, with prevalence of 0.6%. Out of them 31 were males & 5 were females, with ratio of 6.2:1. Of 46 mesiodens, 37 were erupted & 9 were impacted. Conical was the most common shape found, followed by molariform & tuberculate. 85.9% of mesiodens were vertically oriented, 4.6% of mesiodens were horizontal while 8.7% of mesiodens were inverted in orientation. Out of 36 patients, 28 were asymptomatic, 4 were associated with pathology while 4 required esthetic correction.
Conclusion- Mesiodens when present may be associated with some complications. Careful observation, proper diagnosis & systematic treatment may prevent the patients to face the problems. Further studies with larger sample size with more parameters should be carried out in different populations so as to obtain a national data base for future researchers.


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