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International Journal of Applied Dental Sciences
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ISSN Print: 2394-7489, ISSN Online: 2394-7497
ICV 2018: 74.52

International Journal of Applied Dental Sciences

2017, Vol. 3 Issue 2, Part C

Diabetes: A slow poison to periodontia

AUTHOR(S): Dr. R Madhumala and Dr. Sajini Raj C
ABSTRACT:Periodontitis is a common chronic inflammatory disease characterised by destruction of the supporting structures of the teeth, the periodontal ligament and alveolar bone. Epidemiological data confirm that diabetes is a major risk factor for periodontitis; susceptibility to periodontitis is increased by approximately threefold in people with diabetes. There is a clear relationship between degree of hyperglycaemia and severity of periodontitis. There is emerging evidence to support the existence of a two-way relationship between diabetes and periodontitis, with diabetes increasing the risk for periodontitis, and periodontal inflammation negatively affecting glycaemic control. Incidences of macro albuminuria and end-stage renal disease are increased two-fold and threefold, respectively, in diabetic individuals who also have severe periodontitis compared to diabetic individuals without severe periodontitis. Treatment of periodontitis is associated with HbA1c reductions of approximately 0.4%. Oral and periodontal health should be promoted as integral components of diabetes management.
Pages: 151-153  |  905 Views  14 Downloads
How to cite this article:
Dr. R Madhumala, Dr. Sajini Raj C. Diabetes: A slow poison to periodontia. Int J Appl Dent Sci 2017;3(2):151-153.
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International Journal of Applied Dental Sciences