The esthetic plays an important role in the appearance of the individual. The presence of malocclusion poses difficulty in gaining confidence in life. The present study was conducted to assess the type of occlusion and malocclusion in children.
Materials & Methods: This study was conducted on 530 children age ranged 7-14 years of both genders. Children were classified into normal occlusion, Class I malocclusion, Class II div I and class II div II and class III malocclusion. Dewey modification such as type I, type II, type III, type IV and type V was considered.
Results: Out of 530 subjects, boys were 280 and girls were 250. The difference was non- significant (P-0.12). Age group 7-10 years had 55 boys and 60 girls. Age group 10-12 years had 105 boys and 145 girls. Age group 12-14 years had 120 boys and 45 girls. The difference was significant (P-0.01). Type of focclusion was normal (boys- 30, girls- 25), class I malocclusion (boys- 120, girls- 84), class II div I (boys- 90, girls- 95), class II div II (boys- 30, girls- 31) and class III maloccusion (boys- 10, girls- 15). The difference was significant (P<0.05). Dewey type I was seen in 52 subjects, type II in 40, type III in 50, type IV in 28 and type V in 34 subjects. The difference was significant (P<0.05).
Conclusion: Author found that class I malocclusion was predominantly found in children followed by class II div I. Maximum cases were seen in age group 10-12 years.