ABSTRACT:Aim and Objective:
This study aimed to evaluate an association between a periodontal disease smokers & smokeless tobacco in Rajnandgaon district (Chhattisgarh, India) adults.
Methods: The study population included 150 subjects with the habit of tobacco consumption, based on form of tobacco use they were divided into Group 1 (smoking), Group 2 (Smokeless tobacco), and Group 3 (both). The periodontal status for each group was evaluated by measuring Oral Hygiene Index- Simplified and Community Periodontal Index for Probing Depth and Attachment Loss.
Results: OHI-S mean scores in Group 1, Group 2 and Group 3 were similar, which were not statistically significant (p>0.076). The mean values of CPI-PD were 3.65±0.43 in Group 1, 1.65±0.35 in Group 2, 2.77±0.31 in Group 3 with no significant difference between the three Groups (p>0.404). When the mean values of CPI-AL in 0.75±0.76 Group 1, 1.65±0.35 in group 2, and 2.77±0.31 in Group 3) were compared in between the Groups, a statistically significant difference was observed in Group 3 (p<0.001).
Conclusion: Periodontal disease is significantly associated with smoking status in rajnandgaon adults. Smokeless tobacco users having more amount of attachment loss than smokers. Tobacco consumption of tobacco in both the forms can caused poor periodontal status.