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International Journal of Applied Dental Sciences
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ISSN Print: 2394-7489, ISSN Online: 2394-7497
ICV 2019: 92.11

International Journal of Applied Dental Sciences

2018, Vol. 4 Issue 4, Part C

Bacteriological profile of cellulitis of dental origin and antimicrobial features of some antibiotic-based drugs used in Kinshasa city, Democratic Republic of the Congo

AUTHOR(S): Bobe Alifi Leta Paul, Situakibanza Nani-Tuma Hippolyte, Vinckier Frans, Lunguya Metila Octavie, Nkodila Natuhoyila Aliocha, Messia Kahunu Gauthier, Adelin B Nzudjom, Sekele Isouradi Bourley Jean-Paul and Koto-te-Nyiwa Ngbolua
ABSTRACT:Cellulitis of dental origin (CDO) is frequently met in the developing countries. Knowledge of the main bacterial species involved and their antibiotic susceptibility profile provides an objective basis for probabilistic antibiotherapy. The objectives were to identify the germs responsible for CDOs and their sensitivities to antibiotics commonly used in Kinshasa city (DRC). A cross-sectional study of 40 cases of CDO collected in five hospitals in Kinshasa city during the period from June 15 to October 15, 2017. Informed consent of patients was obtained before inclusion. The bacteriological examinations concerned blood cultures and polycultures performed in cellulitis patients. Results revealed that of 79 patients with CDO, 50.6% and 44.3% respectively had blood culture and pyoculture. Only 65.7% of the polycultures carried out were positive. 27 germs were isolated from the three bacterial species: Gram-positive Cocci (77.8%), the most common of which was S. aureus (48.1%) followed by S. viridans (26.0%); Gram negative bacilli with the predominance of Klebsiella pneumoniae and Pseudomonas aeroginosa (7.4% each). The susceptibility of isolated germs towards antibiotics indicates 100% sensitivity to oxacillin, erytromycin and ciprofloxacin and 96.3% to augmentin. These results indicate that gram + cocci are more common during DOC. They were more sensitive to oxacillin, erythromycin, ciprofloxacin and augmentin. The above mentioned drugs may be used for first-line probiotic antibio-therapy. However, S. aureus and S. viridans displayed in this study a very low sensitivity towards tetracycline and bactrim and a loss of sensitivity towards the most used drug amoxicillin.
Pages: 139-142  |  564 Views  7 Downloads
How to cite this article:
Bobe Alifi Leta Paul, Situakibanza Nani-Tuma Hippolyte, Vinckier Frans, Lunguya Metila Octavie, Nkodila Natuhoyila Aliocha, Messia Kahunu Gauthier, Adelin B Nzudjom, Sekele Isouradi Bourley Jean-Paul, Koto-te-Nyiwa Ngbolua. Bacteriological profile of cellulitis of dental origin and antimicrobial features of some antibiotic-based drugs used in Kinshasa city, Democratic Republic of the Congo. Int J Appl Dent Sci 2018;4(4):139-142.
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International Journal of Applied Dental Sciences