International Journal of Applied Dental Sciences
2018, Vol. 4 Issue 4, Part E
Assessment of clinical profile of patients with TMDs-A clinical study
AUTHOR(S): Dr. Bharti Dua, Mani Baweja, Pankaj Datta, Ravi Madan, Sandip Rajan and Rimsha Ahmed
ABSTRACT:Background: Temporomandibular disorders (TMD) are a group of painful conditions that typically involve the temporomandibular joint(s) (TMJ) and/or masticatory muscles. The present study was conducted to assess the clinical profile of patients with TMDs. Materials & Methods: The present study was conducted on 210 patients with TMDs in age ranging from 15 to 45 years. The frequency and distribution of disease among study group patients was obtained through detailed case history and clinical examination of TMJ. All the patients were evaluated for the etiological factors including clenching/grinding/nail biting, stress, occlusal disturbances, traumatic injury to TMJ, and systemic diseases. Results: Out of 210 patients, males were 90 and females were 120. The most common etiological causes of TMD were par functional habit seen in 36.7% of study group patients (the difference was significant with p value < 0.05) followed by stress in 27.2% of patients. Most of the patients were treated with occlusal splint placement and pharmacotherapy. Other treatment modalities used were physiotherapy, corticosteroids and laser therapy in 19%, 16.7%, 4.76% of patients respectively. Conclusion: It is suggested that studies on TMD should be conducted in groups within wide age-ranges, in addition to cross-sectional studies, including various characteristics of the patients treated, to enable better understanding of the behavior of this disorder.
Pages: 286-288 | 906 Views 14 Downloads
How to cite this article:
Dr. Bharti Dua, Mani Baweja, Pankaj Datta, Ravi Madan, Sandip Rajan, Rimsha Ahmed. Assessment of clinical profile of patients with TMDs-A clinical study. Int J Appl Dent Sci 2018;4(4):286-288.