International Journal of Applied Dental Sciences
2020, Vol. 6 Issue 2, Part H
Morphometric evaluation of effect of dimensions of the mandibular ramus and mental foramen on age and gender using digital panoramic radiographs in Kashmiri population: A retrospective study
AUTHOR(S): Dr. Saima Tariq Ashawari, Dr. Shazia Maqbool and Dr. Altaf Hussain Chalkoo
A retrospective study was conducted for the evaluation of the mental foramen size and ramus height using digital panoramic radiograph to see if these parameters could be used to determine a correlation with age and gender in dentate subjects and to show its significance in forensic odontology.
To determine if there is any interrelation between two mandibular parameters (mental foramen, ramus height) in gender and age assessment and if these parameters could be used in future for age and gender determination in forensic odontology.
Materials and Methods: One hundred twenty high‑quality radiographs of patients aged 20 years and above were selected to see superior and inferior aspects of the mental foramen and the ramus height.
Statistical Analysis: Data obtained were analyzed using the SPSS 20.0 version software. The mean and standard deviations were calculated for each clinical parameter, and one‑way ANOVA statistical test of significance was used to compare superior and inferior aspects of mental foramen and ramus height with age groups and gender for both right and left sides. Statistical significance was set at P<0.05.
Results: Highly significant relationship was observed, in case of ramus height in both the parameters (gender and age) on both the right and left sides; whereas the mental foramen and ramus height increase among males as compared to females on both the right and left sides.
Conclusion: There were less significant changes in the dimensions of mental foramen and highly significant changes in case of ramus height as age advances. Also ramus height paves a way for the sexual dimorphism in the specified age groups. The results concluded that ramus height and the mental foramen can be used effectively in the identification of gender using digital panoramic radiography.
Pages: 523-528 | 399 Views 14 Downloads
How to cite this article:
Dr. Saima Tariq Ashawari, Dr. Shazia Maqbool, Dr. Altaf Hussain Chalkoo. Morphometric evaluation of effect of dimensions of the mandibular ramus and mental foramen on age and gender using digital panoramic radiographs in Kashmiri population: A retrospective study. Int J Appl Dent Sci 2020;6(2):523-528.