Dental caries is one of the most common multifactorial infectious microbial diseases. Family imposes the most important effects on the psychological, physical, and social aspects of health from the moment a child is born. Mother’s knowledge and attitude have a great impact on prevention and progression of this diseases.
Aim: To determine the knowledge, attitude and practical behaviour of mothers from different socio-economic groups regarding their children’s oral health in Kota.
Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted via questionnaire form targeting 390 mothers who reported in Department of Pediatric and Preventive Dentistry at Daswani Dental College & Research Centre, Kota. Respondent were divided into two groups according to their socioeconomic status (SES). Group I: annual income below 60,000(LOW-SES) Group II: annual income above 60,000(HIGH-SES). Data were entered and analyzed using chi-square test, fisher’s exact test using Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (16.0). Scoring of knowledge, attitude and practice was given according to percentage of correct response: (0% - 33.33%) – poor, (33.33% - 66.66%) – average, (66.33% - 100%) – good.
Results: Knowledge of majority of mothers from both the groups is significantly less regarding effect of imbalanced diet and prolonged bottle/breast feeding, fluoride content of their toothpaste on dental caries. Awareness regarding treatment of milk teeth, oral health affecting general health was more in HSEG than LSEG.
Conclusion: The level of awareness among mothers of LSES is relatively low and there is need for the implementation of oral health awareness programs.