International Journal of Applied Dental Sciences
2021, Vol. 7 Issue 1, Part A
Current dental strategies and interventions to enhance the practice of dental professionals when treating children with autism: A systematic review
AUTHOR(S): Dr. Bhavya Reddy Chethi Reddy
Autism is a neurological disorder which can be associated with impaired behavioural patterns, expressive and receptive communication difficulties and challenges with social interaction. When combined these challenges can make dental treatment difficult. Therefore, dentists need to be skilled in appropriate dental management strategies for children with autism who attend their clinics for treatment.
Rationale: Previous literature reviews have identified the use of traditional behavioural management techniques, such as physical restraints and general anaesthesia. This study aims to update the existing reviews and report effective contemporary techniques.
Aim of the review: This literature review aims to document and record current dental strategies and techniques in treating children with autism.
A systematic literature search within PubMed and EBSCO Host using the search terms “Dental strategies” OR dental techniques OR Dental manag* OR dental treat* OR dentist AND autism AND Child* was carried out. The search yielded 10 articles, once exclusion and inclusion criteria were applied and each article was assessed using the qualitative and quantitative CASP tools.
Four main themes emerged from a thematic analysis of the 10 articles:
1) Desensitization strategies.
2) Educational strategies.
3) Behavioural approaches.
4) Anaesthesia interventions.
Evidence showed that current dental strategies like inter- professional collaboration and some visual strategies using the electronic screen media were particularly effective in treating children with autism within the clinical setting.
Conclusion: A range of strategies in providing dental treatment to children with autism were identified. These strategies include desensitization, by various techniques (e.g. visual strategies and social stories, desensitization appointments), educational strategies (e.g. inter-professional collaboration), behavioural strategies and local anaesthesia. However, there is limited evidence regarding the effectiveness of these techniques particularly local anaesthesia and communication supports. Future research is needed to ascertain the effectiveness of these techniques, both in their own right and comparatively with each other.
Pages: 44-52 | 553 Views 24 Downloads
How to cite this article:
Dr. Bhavya Reddy Chethi Reddy. Current dental strategies and interventions to enhance the practice of dental professionals when treating children with autism: A systematic review. Int J Appl Dent Sci 2021;7(1):44-52. DOI: https://doi.org/10.22271/oral.2021.v7.i1a.1117