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International Journal of Applied Dental Sciences
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ISSN Print: 2394-7489, ISSN Online: 2394-7497
ICV 2019: 92.11

International Journal of Applied Dental Sciences

2021, Vol. 7 Issue 2, Part E

Ectodermal dysplasia, an odontological point of view

AUTHOR(S): Adrian Flores-Ibarra, Maria Concepcion Trevinño-Tijerina, Juana Nelly Leal-Camarillo, Christian Starlight Franco Trejo, Ana Karen Gonzalez Alvarez, Rosa Isela Sanchez-Najera and Juan Manuel Solis-Soto
ABSTRACT:Introduction: Ectodermal dysplasia (ED) consists of rare genetic disorders in which it is mainly characterized by abnormalities of tissues derived mainly from the ectoderm, sometimes tissues of mesodermal origin. It has a frequency of one in 17,000 births, mainly males.
Objective: To analyze the literature on ectodermal dysplasia and its application in dentistry. To investigate information on etiology, genetics, general and oral manifestations, and its treatment.
Methodology: A research search was carried out in PubMed, PMC and Google Scholar with the words ¨ectodermal dysplasia¨, ¨genetics¨, ¨oral manifestations¨, ¨treatment¨ and ¨clinical manifestations¨.
Results: The factor of ED was found to be of genetic origin. The mutations are X-linked. The most affected structures are the skin, hair and nails; this is due to its ectodermal origin. The oral manifestations can appear in the shape of the teeth, size, number of teeth present and can even affect the normal development of the alveolar ridge. The use of removable prosthesis and the placement of implants are the most applied treatments to improve the conditions of the patients.
Conclusions: The most affected structures are those of ectodermal origin; while in the oral cavity we can present a partial absence of the dentition, together with alterations of the alveolar bone structures and even patients can come to suffer from cleft palate and cleft lip. There is no specific treatment, but to treat the affections presented by means of implants and prosthesis.
Pages: 323-327  |  197 Views  21 Downloads
How to cite this article:
Adrian Flores-Ibarra, Maria Concepcion Trevinño-Tijerina, Juana Nelly Leal-Camarillo, Christian Starlight Franco Trejo, Ana Karen Gonzalez Alvarez, Rosa Isela Sanchez-Najera, Juan Manuel Solis-Soto. Ectodermal dysplasia, an odontological point of view. Int J Appl Dent Sci 2021;7(2):323-327. DOI: https://doi.org/10.22271/oral.2021.v7.i2e.1228
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International Journal of Applied Dental Sciences