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International Journal of Applied Dental Sciences
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ISSN Print: 2394-7489, ISSN Online: 2394-7497
ICV 2019: 92.11

International Journal of Applied Dental Sciences

2021, Vol. 7 Issue 3, Part A

Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans: An orthodontic approach

AUTHOR(S): Alexa Camila Saldua Chapa, Guadalupe Magdalena Ramirez-Herrera, Alejandro Mass-Enriquez, Christian Starlight Franco Trejo, Juan Carlos Medrano Rodriguez, Rosa Isela Sanchez-Najera and Juan Manuel Solis-Soto
ABSTRACT:Introduction: Orthodontic appliances may be associated with a worsening of preexisting periodontal diseases caused by Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans.
Objective: To analyze the literature on the characteristics of A. actinomycetemcomitans and its relationship with orthodontics, particularly epidemiology, oral manifestations, diagnostic methods and treatments.
Methodology: Using the keywords “A. actinomycetemcomitans”, “orthodontics”, “oral manifestations”, “treatment” and “epidemiology”, the main public databases were searched, with emphasis on the last 5 years. It was evaluated with the PRISMA and AMSTAR-2 guidelines.
Results: Orthodontic treatment increase the prevalence of A. actinomycetemcomitans. Preexisting aggressive periodontitis is a great challenge to clinicians when providing orthodontic treatment due to A. actinomycetemcomitans. PCR is the technique of choice as a diagnostic method that is currently used most frequently in research centers. The removal of orthodontic appliances has shown a significant reduction in dentobacterial plaque, as well as proper oral hygiene and, if necessary, the use of alternative treatments such as moxifloxacin and antimicrobial photodynamic therapy.
Conclusions: Correct oral hygiene during orthodontic treatment is essential to reduce the presence of A. actinomycetemcomitans, thus diminishing cariogenic risk as well as a worsening of periodontal diseases.
Pages: 40-43  |  193 Views  27 Downloads
How to cite this article:
Alexa Camila Saldua Chapa, Guadalupe Magdalena Ramirez-Herrera, Alejandro Mass-Enriquez, Christian Starlight Franco Trejo, Juan Carlos Medrano Rodriguez, Rosa Isela Sanchez-Najera, Juan Manuel Solis-Soto. Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans: An orthodontic approach. Int J Appl Dent Sci 2021;7(3):40-43. DOI: https://doi.org/10.22271/oral.2021.v7.i3a.1279
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International Journal of Applied Dental Sciences