The patient’s first complete denture experience is predominantly with the single maxillary denture. The opposing mandibular dentition is usually intact or restored by fixed partial dentures or removable partial dentures. In many instances no attempt has been made to restore a partially edentulous mandibular arch. One of the most common prosthodontic failures encountered is the fracture and failure of the single maxillary denture. This often results in continuous repair of the denture. Often, remaking the denture is the best course to follow.
Objective: This article will describe the clinically related causes of single maxillary complete denture fracture and propose preventive and corrective measures.
Methods: Electronic searches were performed for articles published in PubMed and manual searches were performed in various journals relevant to the topic of removable prosthodontics. Key words such as maxillary, single, denture, reinforcement were used, Initially, 432 articles were found of which 177 articles were selected by electronic and manual searches from 2005 up to 2020 with few classic articles. After exclusion of 152 articles based on the exclusion criteria, 25 articles were finally included in the review.
Conclusion: Factors that contribute to the fracture and failure of the single maxillary denture have been discussed to summarize this review, reinforcements within prostheses undoubtedly had some efficacy in improving the mechanical properties, but the levels varied by material, form, and position of the reinforcement.