ABSTRACT:Introduction: Candida albicans
is a ubiquitous commensal organism that commonly colonizes the oral mucosa. In fact, up to 80% of the general population are carriers.
Objective: To analyze the literature about C. albicans, its epidemiology, diagnosis, clinical manifestations, antimicrobial resistance and treatment in relation to endodontics.
Methodology: Using the keywords Candida albicans in conjunction with epidemiology, diagnosis, clinical manifestations, antimicrobial resistance and treatment, the main public databases were searched, with emphasis on the last 5 years. It was evaluated with the PRISMA and AMSTAR-2 guidelines.
Results: C. albicans is the fungus most frequently isolated in root canal infections, it binds to the dentin to form biofilms within the dentin tubules. C. albicans can be detected by different diagnostic methods, the most used is cultivation. This microorganism is increasingly found in the oral cavity, it is responsible for endodontic failure, its biofilms are inherently resistant to antifungal drugs, the host's immune system, environmental stresses and biomechanical treatment. The most favourable method to eliminate is using QmiX irritant and EndoVac as a suction system, together with chemo mechanical debridement.
Conclusions: C. albicans is a pathogen which has been presenting itself more frequently in the oral cavity, in the endodontic area, it is the fungus that is most frequently found in the root canals, either due to primary or secondary infection.