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International Journal of Applied Dental Sciences
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ISSN Print: 2394-7489, ISSN Online: 2394-7497
ICV 2019: 92.11

International Journal of Applied Dental Sciences

2021, Vol. 7 Issue 3, Part D

Streptococcus: An orthodontic point of view

AUTHOR(S): Danya Lizeth Soto Gomez, Arturo Santoy Lozano, Hugo Felix Madla Alanis, Guadalupe Rosalia Capetillo-Hernandez, Evelyn Guadalupe Torres Capetillo, Sergio Eduardo Nakagoshi Cepeda and Juan Manuel Solis-Soto
ABSTRACT:Introduction: Streptococcus mutans and S. sobrinus are the main causative agents of human dental caries. Objective: To analyze the literature on different genera of Streptococcus such as S. mutans, S. gordonii, S. sanguis, S. sobrinus and S. salivarius in relation to orthodontics.
Methodology: Articles on the subject published through the PubMed, SCOPUS and Google Academic databases were analyzed, with an emphasis on the last 5 years. It was carried out with the words "Streptococcus mutans", "S. gordonii", "S. sanguis", "S. sobrinus ", "S. salivarius".
Results: S. mutans: produces dental caries and demineralization of the enamel. It can be controlled with proper brushing techniques and oral hygiene. S. gordonii: predominates in the oral microflora and triggers cariogenic biofilms, is present in the formation of white spots around brackets and its development can be inhibited with fluoride-containing rinses. S. sanguis: present in orthodontic appliances, they have adverse effects that help the formation of dental plaque, mouthwash with nanioTiO2 and a good mechanical and chemical cleaning help to eliminate them. S. sobrinus: forms white spots, demineralizes enamel and causes dental caries. S. salivarius: its acid-base physiology plays an important role, the use of orthodontic appliances can produce an increase in bacteria which is associated with metal alloys.
Conclusion: Streptococcus species are a problem in orthodontics, they can be eliminated by using Enlight composite resin, 0.02% chlorhexidine rinses, mouthwash with nanioTiO2 and a good mechanical and chemical brushing technique.
Pages: 237-241  |  124 Views  16 Downloads
How to cite this article:
Danya Lizeth Soto Gomez, Arturo Santoy Lozano, Hugo Felix Madla Alanis, Guadalupe Rosalia Capetillo-Hernandez, Evelyn Guadalupe Torres Capetillo, Sergio Eduardo Nakagoshi Cepeda, Juan Manuel Solis-Soto. Streptococcus: An orthodontic point of view. Int J Appl Dent Sci 2021;7(3):237-241. DOI: https://doi.org/10.22271/oral.2021.v7.i3d.1306
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International Journal of Applied Dental Sciences