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International Journal of Applied Dental Sciences
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ISSN Print: 2394-7489, ISSN Online: 2394-7497
ICV 2019: 92.11

International Journal of Applied Dental Sciences

2021, Vol. 7 Issue 4, Part D

Burning mouth syndrome: An overview and current update

AUTHOR(S): Myrthala De La Garza Aguiñaga, Norma Cruz Fierro, Lizeth Edith Quintanilla Rodriguez, Daniel Lizarraga Rodriguez, Rosa Alicia Garcia Jau, Sergio Eduardo Nakagoshi Cepeda, Obed Martinez Ortiz and Juan Manuel Solis Soto
ABSTRACT:Introduction: Burning mouth syndrome is one of the most common in dentistry. It is chronic and presents a burning sensation in the oral mucosa with appearance in the tongue, mucous tissue, lips and / or palate that lasts from days, weeks or even months.
Objective: To analyze the literature on the characteristics of burning mouth syndrome of etiology, epidemiology, classification, differential diagnosis and treatment.
Methodology: For the bibliographic review with electronic search by the PUBMED and Google Scholar search engine with the keywords “burning mouth syndrome, etiology, epidemiology, classification, differential diagnosis and treatment" with 2015-2020 dates.
Results: The etiology is classified as primary and secondary although it has multifactorial effects with local, systemic and psychological factors. The prevalence ranges from 0.7% to 5.1%, with a gender ratio of 7:1, with menopausal women having the greatest number of conditions. The classification is type I (35%), II (55%) and III (10%). The differential diagnosis is very extensive because of the confusion of symptoms, therefore a specific laboratory study is needed to rule out and obtain a single result. The treatment must be handled individually and include multidisciplinary approaches to achieve its long-term success.
Conclusion: Burning mouth syndrome is a relatively common chronic intraoral pain disorder that can last from weeks to months. The etiology is multifactorial with a multidisciplinary approach and it is important to include medical and psychosocial therapy to ensure better management in the relief of symptoms.
Pages: 252-256  |  187 Views  21 Downloads
How to cite this article:
Myrthala De La Garza Aguiñaga, Norma Cruz Fierro, Lizeth Edith Quintanilla Rodriguez, Daniel Lizarraga Rodriguez, Rosa Alicia Garcia Jau, Sergio Eduardo Nakagoshi Cepeda, Obed Martinez Ortiz, Juan Manuel Solis Soto. Burning mouth syndrome: An overview and current update. Int J Appl Dent Sci 2021;7(4):252-256. DOI: https://doi.org/10.22271/oral.2021.v7.i4d.1380
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International Journal of Applied Dental Sciences