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International Journal of Applied Dental Sciences
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ISSN Print: 2394-7489, ISSN Online: 2394-7497
ICV 2019: 92.11

International Journal of Applied Dental Sciences

2022, Vol. 8 Issue 1, Part A

Pediatric dentist alert: Child maltreatment

AUTHOR(S): Tayra Stephanie Hernandez Contreras, Adriana Leticia Garcia Moyeda, Karla Isabel Juarez Ibarra, Aurora Lucero Reyes, Elvia Ortiz Ortiz, Maria Argelia Akemi Nakagoshi Cepeda, Monica Sofia Treviño Ramirez and Juan Manuel Solis Soto
ABSTRACT:
Introduction: Child maltreatment is an important public health problem; the timely detection of signs and symptoms of abuse in the orofacial region places the pediatric dentist in a strategic situation, with the capacity to recognize, register and report suspicious cases.
Objective: To review the literature on oral lesions related to child abuse and the role of the pediatric dentist in the dental office.
Methodology: A search was carried out in the MEDLINE/PubMed databases from 2016 to 2020, using the keywords: "Abuse children dentist, child physical abuse, neglect dentistry".
Results: Pediatric dentists should have comprehensive knowledge about the detection of child abuse and their ethical and legal responsibility. All types of maltreatment can be presented in the dental office; in relation to physical maltreatment they report lacerations, tears of the labial frenulum, fractured teeth, avulsed teeth and hematomas; in relation to sexual abuse, the mouth is a frequent site of abuse and sexually transmitted infections such as gonorrhea are pathognomonic; late attention to oral diseases such as caries can cause severe compromises in the child related to dental neglect.
Conclusion: The pediatric dentist represents a valuable human resource in the detection and reporting of child abuse taking into account the type of orofacial lesions in relation to all types of abuse.
Pages: 11-14  |  136 Views  26 Downloads
How to cite this article:
Tayra Stephanie Hernandez Contreras, Adriana Leticia Garcia Moyeda, Karla Isabel Juarez Ibarra, Aurora Lucero Reyes, Elvia Ortiz Ortiz, Maria Argelia Akemi Nakagoshi Cepeda, Monica Sofia Treviño Ramirez, Juan Manuel Solis Soto. Pediatric dentist alert: Child maltreatment. Int J Appl Dent Sci 2022;8(1):11-14. DOI: https://doi.org/10.22271/oral.2022.v8.i1a.1395
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International Journal of Applied Dental Sciences