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International Journal of Applied Dental Sciences
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ISSN Print: 2394-7489, ISSN Online: 2394-7497
ICV 2019: 92.11

International Journal of Applied Dental Sciences

2022, Vol. 8 Issue 1, Part A

Helicobacter pylori, an odontological point of view

AUTHOR(S): Mariana Alejandra Cervantes Alba, Maria de Los Angeles Andrea Caravajal Montes de Oca, Gloria Martinez Sandoval, Norma Idalia Rodriguez Franco, Aurora Lucero Reyes, Patricia Limon Huitron, Karem Denisse Riojas Martinez and Juan Manuel Solis Soto
ABSTRACT:
Introduction: Helicobacter pylori favors the formation of gastric ulcers, gastric carcinoma, MALT lymphoma, and is related to costly treatment, bacterial resistance and other adverse effects.
Objective: To analyze the literature on the importance of H. pylori in dentistry, particularly its epidemiology, diagnostic methods, oral manifestations, treatment and the use of probiotics.
Methodology: Current literature review carried out using the following databases: Pubmed and SCOPUS. The keywords used were Helicobacter pylori, diagnosis, treatment, dentistry, probiotics.
Results: Epidemiology: It is up to 90% in developing countries, while the annual recurrence rate is much higher than in developed countries. Recurrence may occur by recrudescence or reinfection. Diagnosis: Methods include urea breath test, stool antigen test, serology and molecular methods. The preferred method is the rapid urease test of human biopsies. Oral manifestations: It has been associated with oral pathologies, including gingivitis/periodontal disease, aphthous stomatitis and oral cancer. Treatment: Standard triple therapy combines amoxicillin (1g twice daily) and clarithromycin (500mg twice daily) or metronidazole (500mg twice daily). Use of probiotics: significantly helps in repairing the intestinal microbiota affected by antibiotics, helping to decrease side effects.
Conclusion: H. pylori infection represents a risk factor for the organism and antibiotic resistance complicates its eradication, an early diagnosis should be made to prevent adverse effects.
Pages: 26-30  |  167 Views  25 Downloads
How to cite this article:
Mariana Alejandra Cervantes Alba, Maria de Los Angeles Andrea Caravajal Montes de Oca, Gloria Martinez Sandoval, Norma Idalia Rodriguez Franco, Aurora Lucero Reyes, Patricia Limon Huitron, Karem Denisse Riojas Martinez, Juan Manuel Solis Soto. Helicobacter pylori, an odontological point of view. Int J Appl Dent Sci 2022;8(1):26-30. DOI: https://doi.org/10.22271/oral.2022.v8.i1a.1402
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International Journal of Applied Dental Sciences