Home      Login     Signup
International Journal of Applied Dental Sciences
  • Printed Journal
  • Indexed Journal
  • Refereed Journal
  • Peer Reviewed Journal
ISSN Print: 2394-7489, ISSN Online: 2394-7497
ICV 2019: 92.11

International Journal of Applied Dental Sciences

2022, Vol. 8 Issue 2, Part A

Risk factors for early childhood caries

AUTHOR(S): Rebeca Muraira Vargas, Osvelia Esmeralda Rodriguez Luis, Laura Elena Villarreal Garcia, Rosa Isela Sanchez Najera, Magali Janeth Garcia Vasquez, Araceli Garcia Rocha, Siria Jatziry Gonzalez Ramos, and Juan Manuel Solis Soto
ABSTRACT:
Introduction: Early childhood caries is one of the most prevalent childhood diseases worldwide. Objective: To analyze the literature on factors associated with susceptibility to caries, such as dietary factors, factors related to breastfeeding, factors related to hygiene, factors related to oral microflora, sociodemographic factors.
Methodology: Current literature review carried out using Pubmed and SCOPUS, with emphasis on the last 5 years". The search was performed using Boolean logical operators, with the keywords of: "risk factors of caries"," diet AND caries", "caries AND hygiene", "caries AND socioeconomic", "caries AND bacteria", "caries AND breastfeeding".
Results: There are factors associated with susceptibility to caries such as dietary factors due to high frequency of sugar intake, factors related to breastfeeding due to intake after 12 months, factors related to hygiene due to poor hygiene, factors related to oral microflora as they break its homeostasis and socio-demographic factors such as low socioeconomic level.
Conclusion: The oral cavity contains bacteria which can break the homeostasis producing demineralization of the hydroxyapatite crystals of the teeth giving rise to dental caries. Several factors such as breastfeeding after 12 months of age, low socioeconomic level, deficient oral hygiene, frequent ingestion of sugars is strongly linked to dental caries.
Pages: 16-19  |  279 Views  32 Downloads
How to cite this article:
Rebeca Muraira Vargas, Osvelia Esmeralda Rodriguez Luis, Laura Elena Villarreal Garcia, Rosa Isela Sanchez Najera, Magali Janeth Garcia Vasquez, Araceli Garcia Rocha, Siria Jatziry Gonzalez Ramos,, Juan Manuel Solis Soto. Risk factors for early childhood caries. Int J Appl Dent Sci 2022;8(2):16-19. DOI: https://doi.org/10.22271/oral.2022.v8.i2a.1482
Call for book chapter
International Journal of Applied Dental Sciences