A core build-up is a restoration placed in a badly broken down tooth to restore the coronal portion of the tooth. This facilitates subsequent restoration of the broken down tooth by means of extra-coronal restoration.
Compressive strength of core materials is thought to be important because core usually replaces the large bulk of the tooth structure and must resist multidirectional forces. In this study compressive strength of three different core materials was investigated on Fiber Reinforced Composite post at different time intervals.
Objective: The purpose of the study undertaken was to determine the compressive strength of self-cured, photo cured and dual cured core build up materials on Fiber Reinforced Composite post after 24 hours and 1 week.
Methodology: Cylindrical specimens measuring 6mm in height and 4mm in diameter were prepared using a machined plexiglass mold and core build up was done around the fiber post. Ten specimens were prepared in each group (n=30); Group A: Restorative Glass lonomer Cement-GC Gold, Japan; Group B: Light-cured composite-Magma NT, Prevest Denpro, USA and Group C: Dual-cure core-build up composite resin-Para Core, Coltene whaledent, USA, which were further subdivided into five specimens per group according to the time intervals of 24 hours and 1 week. Compressive strength was determined using a universal testing machine. The maximum load applied to fracture the specimens was recorded and compressive strength calculated in MPA. The data obtained was analyzed using parametric one way ANOVA test and Bonferroni post-hoc procedure.
Results: The mean compressive strength was significantly higher (p<0.05) in Para Core group as compared to GC Gold and Magma NT. The differences in compressive strength observed were statistically significant.
Conclusion: Within the limitations of this study, Para Core had higher strength compared to the other two core build-up materials; GC Gold and Magma NT and the strength of each material increased after 1 week.