Home      Login     Signup
International Journal of Applied Dental Sciences
  • Printed Journal
  • Indexed Journal
  • Refereed Journal
  • Peer Reviewed Journal
ISSN Print: 2394-7489, ISSN Online: 2394-7497
ICV 2019: 92.11

International Journal of Applied Dental Sciences

2022, Vol. 8 Issue 2, Part A

Oral manifestations of Type I diabetes mellitus in pediatric patients

AUTHOR(S): Julia Garza Villarreal, Fanny Lopez Martinez, Idalia Rodriguez Delgado, Fatima Del Muro Casas, Nelly Alejandra Rodriguez Guajardo, Maria Argelia Akemi Nakagoshi Cepeda, Leslie Flores Eguia and Juan Manuel Solis Soto
ABSTRACT:
Introducción: Diabetes mellitus is a group of metabolic diseases characterized by chronic hyperglycemia resulting from defects in insulin secretion, insulin action, or both. There is a significant relationship between type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) and an increased prevalence of oral cavity-related diseases in the pediatric population.
Objective: To analyze the literature and describe T1DM and its oral manifestations, including alterations in saliva and dentobacterial plaque, as well as periodontal disease and caries, and to emphasize its importance in pediatric dentistry.
Methodology: An exhaustive search was carried out in PubMed with the keywords Type I diabetes Mellitus, children, oral manifestations, caries, periodontal disease, gingivitis, xerostomia, pediatric dentistry, candida.
Results: Salivary flow could be considered decreased with T1DM. Higher plaque levels and higher incidence of chronic gingivitis. Higher risk of developing periodontal disease. Higher caries levels, higher prevalence of xerostomia. Insulin treatment may cause local reactions such as lipohypertrophy, lipoatrophy and instant and delayed allergy. Erythema multiforme, leukocytoclastic vasculitis, drug eruptions and photosensitivity have been described as adverse reactions to oral antidiabetics.
Conclusion: Childhood and adolescent patients with T1DM have a predisposition to xerostomia and this leads to halitosis and a favorable environment for the proliferation of bacteria and the formation of dental caries, they present greater accumulation of plaque and therefore are susceptible to gingival inflammation and this ends in periodontal disease at an early age producing bone loss. Patients receiving insulin often present skin lesions. Medications can immunosuppress and this makes them susceptible to Candida.
Pages: 39-43  |  286 Views  23 Downloads
How to cite this article:
Julia Garza Villarreal, Fanny Lopez Martinez, Idalia Rodriguez Delgado, Fatima Del Muro Casas, Nelly Alejandra Rodriguez Guajardo, Maria Argelia Akemi Nakagoshi Cepeda, Leslie Flores Eguia, Juan Manuel Solis Soto. Oral manifestations of Type I diabetes mellitus in pediatric patients. Int J Appl Dent Sci 2022;8(2):39-43. DOI: https://doi.org/10.22271/oral.2022.v8.i2a.1488
Call for book chapter
International Journal of Applied Dental Sciences