Introduction: Bruxism is a behavior that has negative consequences, its prevalence is in 33.65% of children. It can present as probable bruxism, awake bruxism, and sleep bruxism. This has been frequently present during the COVID-19 pandemic.
Objective: Analyze the literature about bruxism and its relationship with signs and symptoms, psychological factors, sleep disorders, screen time, and treatment.
Methodology: Articles on the subject published through the PubMed, SCOPUS and Google Academic databases were analyzed, with an emphasis on the last 5 years. It was carried out with the words "bruxism", "pediatric dentistry", "treatment", "symptoms" and “signs”.
Results: The signs and symptoms of bruxism are present more frequently in patients with attention deficit, hyperactivity disorder and with previous bruxism. Stress and anxiety are the psychological factors that influence more the increase of bruxism during the COVID-19 pandemic. Likewise, sleep disturbances have risen, so it is recommended to be more physically active and to reduce screen time to improve health status. Due to the limitations caused by the current pandemic, it is necessary to take advantage of electronic media to guide patients and provide care.
Conclusion: Bruxism has increased during the COVID-19 pandemic. Patients present characteristic signs and symptoms, which are affected by different factors such as stress, anxiety, sleep disturbances and screen time. Due to current limitations, it is important to take advantage of teleodontology to guide and care for patients.