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International Journal of Applied Dental Sciences
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P-ISSN: 2394-7489, E-ISSN: 2394-7497
ICV 2019: 92.11

2022, Vol. 8 Issue 3, Part C

Topical anesthetics in pediatric dentistry: A literature review

AUTHOR(S): Gabriela Garcia Alvarez, Claudio Cabral Romero, Gustavo Israel Martinez Gonzalez, Guadalupe Rosalia Capetillo Hernanadez, Leticia Tiburcio Morteo, Luz Patricia Falcon Reyes, Nubia Maricela Chavez Lamas and Juan Manuel Solis Soto
ABSTRACT:Introduction: Topical anesthetics are of great interest in pediatric dentistry because they act on the peripheral nerves reducing the sensation of pain when applying local anesthetics.
Objective: To analyze the most recent literature on topical anesthetics: benzocaine, lidocaine, eutectic mixture of local anesthetics (EMLA), generalities, doses and presentations, uses and adverse effects.
Methodology: Articles on topical anesthetics in pediatric dentistry were analyzed in the databases PubMed, SCOPUS and Google academic with emphasis on the last 5 years. This was done with the words: "dental anesthetic", "benzocaine", "lidocaine", "Pediatric dentistry", "EMLA".
Results: It has been found that 20% benzocaine is the most used anesthetic, its main use is before local anesthetic puncture, it has a pleasant taste, however, high rates of allergies have been reported. As for lidocaine, it is effective when applied in 1 minute, its 10% aerosol presentation has presented the best results, its toxicity levels are low but it has an unpleasant taste. EMLA is a mixture of lidocaine 2.5% and prilocaine 2.5%, it is used before puncture, when placing orthodontic separators and in small biopsies, its application time is 2 to 10 minutes and it can cause numbness in unwanted areas.
Conclusion: Currently there is no topical formulation that completely eliminates the pain caused by needle puncture, therefore, products with greater efficacy are awaited.
Pages: 283-286  |  796 Views  390 Downloads
How to cite this article:
Gabriela Garcia Alvarez, Claudio Cabral Romero, Gustavo Israel Martinez Gonzalez, Guadalupe Rosalia Capetillo Hernanadez, Leticia Tiburcio Morteo, Luz Patricia Falcon Reyes, Nubia Maricela Chavez Lamas, Juan Manuel Solis Soto. Topical anesthetics in pediatric dentistry: A literature review. Int J Appl Dent Sci 2022;8(3):283-286. DOI: https://doi.org/10.22271/oral.2022.v8.i3c.1604
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International Journal of Applied Dental Sciences