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International Journal of Applied Dental Sciences
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ISSN Print: 2394-7489, ISSN Online: 2394-7497
ICV 2019: 92.11

International Journal of Applied Dental Sciences

2022, Vol. 8 Issue 3, Part D

Radiographic assessment of the prevalence and pattern of impacted teeth in Kanyakumari population using orthopantomogram- A retrospective study

AUTHOR(S): Dr. Sowmy MP, Dr. Joy Angel T, Dr. Redwin Dhas Manchil P, Dr. Farakath Khan M, Dr. Suresh CS and Dr. Bijivin Raj V
ABSTRACT:Background: The present study was aimed to record the incidence of each distinctive impacted tooth by reviewing panoramic radiographs.
Materials and methods: In present study 10-year records (2012 to 2021) of 4000 panoramic radiographs were obtained from the Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Sree Mookambika Institute of Dental Sciences (SMIDS), Kanyakumari. From the data collected, 442 patients` panoramic radiographs fulfilled the inclusion criteria and 627 impactions were detected and classified accordingly. The obtained results were tabulated and statistically analyzed.
Results: A total of 627 impactions were found with 15.7% prevalence. Males had the higher number of impacted teeth than females with a small margin. Mandibular third molar (69.26%) was found to be the most commonly impacted teeth followed by canine (14.8%), maxillary third molar (9.39%), premolar (3.0%), supernumerary (2.1%) and incisors (1%). Horizontal pattern (69.9%) was the most commonly reported impaction of mandibular third molar. In maxilla, vertical impaction (63%) was the most common pattern. The results also revealed that higher portion of impacted teeth lies in mandible (78.3%) than in maxilla (21.6%).
Conclusion: Impacted teeth and congenitally missing teeth are a common phenomenon nowadays. Many patients at their later age present to a dental surgeon due to pain and infection from impacted teeth. This study was designed to evaluate the prevalence of impacted teeth in patients in and around Kanyakumari district. With more than 15% prevalence of impactions in adults, it is wise to do panoramic imaging in suspected patients with missing teeth to prevent further complications like pain, infection and cystic transformation.
Pages: 331-335  |  72 Views  3 Downloads
How to cite this article:
Dr. Sowmy MP, Dr. Joy Angel T, Dr. Redwin Dhas Manchil P, Dr. Farakath Khan M, Dr. Suresh CS, Dr. Bijivin Raj V. Radiographic assessment of the prevalence and pattern of impacted teeth in Kanyakumari population using orthopantomogram- A retrospective study. Int J Appl Dent Sci 2022;8(3):331-335. DOI: https://doi.org/10.22271/oral.2022.v8.i3d.1608
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International Journal of Applied Dental Sciences