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International Journal of Applied Dental Sciences
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ISSN Print: 2394-7489, ISSN Online: 2394-7497
ICV 2019: 92.11

2023, Vol. 9 Issue 2, Part C

An innovative facet in gender determination of regional population: A cross sectional study

AUTHOR(S): Dr. Prakash Nidawani, Dr. Saumya Singh, Dr. Shiva Sai, Dr. Sufiya S and Dr. Girish Galagali
ABSTRACT:Background: Maxillary sinuses have reportedly survived mass disasters despite the skull and other bones being severely damaged. Forensic odontology relies heavily on radiography to identify individuals. The largest and earliest to form among the paranasal sinuses is the maxillary sinus. In order to identify skeletal remains and determine gender, sinus radiography has been performed.
AIM: To determine shape, height and width of maxillary air sinus and their possible corelation to gender determination.
Methods: Total of 52 panoramic radiographs were taken and were divided into male and female groups. the radiographs were traced for the shape of maxillary sinus and height and width were determined. Both dentate and partially dentate were included in this study. There were 8 shapes reported. The values obtained after determining the height and width were subjected to statistical analysis.
Results: The mean height of male right and left maxillary sinuses are 26.85±5.1mm and 27.82±8.3 mm respectively, and for women, 26.62 ±5.7 mm; 25.79 ±5.11mm respectively. The width of the sinuses for men are 33.14±6.7 mm; 32.67± 8.5mm respectively, and for women, 34.06±6.05 mm; 32.65±7.12 mm respectively. There are 7 shapes documented in the left side of maxillary sinus, namely, ovoid, rectangular trapezoid, cloudy, square, triangle and round. Out of which 25% is rectangular in shape, 26% are ovoid in shape, 12% shows triangular shape, 12% square shape, 7% are cloudy and round and 11% are trapezoid.
There are 8 shapes reported in the right side of the maxillary air sinus. Out of which 32% reported with ovoid shapes, 21% depicted rectangular shapes, 12% presented trapezoidal shape, 7% showed cloudy shape, 2% revealed square shape, 12% showed triangular shape, 12% presented with round shape and 2% showed pyramidal shape.
Conclusion: In this particular study, the left side of the sinus can be used to identify the gender. A correlation between gender and the shape of the maxillary air sinuses on the right and left side is attempted, however the result is non-significant. Hence, it can be concluded that morphometric analysis of maxillary sinus plays crucial role in gender determination.
Pages: 203-209  |  43 Views  2 Downloads
How to cite this article:
Dr. Prakash Nidawani, Dr. Saumya Singh, Dr. Shiva Sai, Dr. Sufiya S, Dr. Girish Galagali. An innovative facet in gender determination of regional population: A cross sectional study. Int J Appl Dent Sci 2023;9(2):203-209. DOI: https://doi.org/10.22271/oral.2023.v9.i2c.1729
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International Journal of Applied Dental Sciences