Introduction: The importance of this research lies in providing the professionals with the bases they can consider when selecting the composite based on the therapeutic requirements.
Objective: Analyze the factors that influence the clinical application of resins. Among them: are the material, photopolymerization, placement technique, color stability, and preheating.
Methodology: A compilation of articles published in the last 5 years was carried out using PubMed's electronic database. Summaries and full texts were identified that included information on factors that influence the resin application: “material”, “light”, “curing”, “placement”, “techniques”, “color” and “preheating”.
Results: Knowledge of the material allows its proper application and greater longevity. Insufficient polymerization causes a decrease in physical and mechanical properties. The block technique is faster and there is adequate light curing. Extrinsic and intrinsic factors must be considered in their placement since these will determine the success or failure of mimicry. Preheating reduces its viscosity, due to better wetting of the cavity walls, increasing marginal adaptation, and decreasing micro-leakage.
Conclusions: There is a need for minimally invasive treatments such as the use of resins which provide advantages such as aesthetics, excellent surface finish, and resistance to wear, therefore it is necessary to know the factors that help us promote their manipulation, such as; the material it is composed of, its polymerization, its placement technique, its color, and preheating.