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International Journal of Applied Dental Sciences
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P-ISSN: 2394-7489, E-ISSN: 2394-7497
ICV 2019: 92.11

2024, Vol. 10 Issue 2, Part D

Role of artificial intelligence in periodontal health care

AUTHOR(S): Dr. Shyam Sharma K, Dr. Jaishree Tukaram Kshirsagar, Dr. Sathyasree M, Dr. Monika A and Dr. Nithiyraj S
Periodontal care encompasses the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of periodontal diseases, which affect the supporting structures of the teeth, including the gums, periodontal ligament, and alveolar bone. Periodontal diseases range from simple gum inflammation, known as gingivitis, to more severe forms of the disease such as periodontitis, which can lead to significant damage to the soft tissue and bone that support the teeth, and ultimately, tooth loss.
The Importance of Periodontal Health: Periodontal health is critical to overall dental and systemic health. The condition of the gums and supporting structures of the teeth are integral to maintaining the functionality and aesthetics of the oral cavity. Healthy gums are not only vital for chewing and comfort but also play a significant role in speech and social interactions through the maintenance of tooth stability and aesthetic appearance.
1. Prevention of Tooth Loss: The most direct impact of periodontal disease is tooth loss, which can occur when the supporting tissues become too damaged to hold the teeth in place. Maintaining periodontal health through proper care can significantly reduce this risk. Studies have shown that periodontal interventions can effectively halt the progression of periodontitis, thereby preventing tooth loss.
2. Systemic Health Implications: There is growing evidence to suggest that periodontal health is linked to systemic health. Research indicates that periodontal diseases have been associated with several systemic conditions, including cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and adverse pregnancy outcomes. For instance, the inflammatory processes that characterize periodontal disease can exacerbate conditions such as atherosclerosis and insulin resistance.
3. Impact on Quality of Life: Periodontal diseases can significantly affect an individual's quality of life. Symptoms such as bad breath, bleeding, and painful gums can lead to discomfort and embarrassment, impacting social interactions and self-esteem. Effective periodontal care not only addresses these symptoms but also improves the overall quality of life by alleviating pain and restoring mouth function (Slade, 2007).
4. Economic Considerations: The treatment of periodontal diseases, particularly in their advanced stages, can be costly. Preventive periodontal care can reduce the need for more extensive and expensive treatments later on. This aspect of periodontal care is crucial in managing healthcare costs, both for individuals and healthcare systems globally.
5. Advancements in Periodontal Care: With the advent of new technologies and methodologies, the approach to periodontal care has evolved significantly. The integration of advanced diagnostic tools, such as AI and machine learning, offers new possibilities for early detection and personalized treatment plans, which are less invasive and more effective.
Conclusion: Periodontal care is an essential component of dental health, intricately linked to overall well-being. Its importance extends beyond the oral cavity, influencing systemic health, economic factors, and quality of life. As such, advancements in this field, particularly through the application of AI, are critical for enhancing healthcare outcomes in periodontology.

Pages: 265-273  |  207 Views  130 Downloads

International Journal of Applied Dental Sciences
How to cite this article:
Dr. Shyam Sharma K, Dr. Jaishree Tukaram Kshirsagar, Dr. Sathyasree M, Dr. Monika A, Dr. Nithiyraj S. Role of artificial intelligence in periodontal health care. Int J Appl Dent Sci 2024;10(2):265-273. DOI: https://doi.org/10.22271/oral.2024.v10.i2d.1951
International Journal of Applied Dental Sciences

International Journal of Applied Dental Sciences

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International Journal of Applied Dental Sciences